Dederiyeh 2

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Dederiyeh Cave
36.4, 36.86
Date min:
48,000 Bp
Date max:
48,000 Bp
Homo, Homo neanderthalensis

During the excavation campaign of 1997 and 1998, a skeleton of a second child named Dederiyeh 2 resting in a pit was discovered and then exhumed. The burial is dated to 48,000 years before the present.

The pit measures only 70 cm by 50 cm, its depth is only 25 cm. It is located at the bottom of layer 3 of the northern section. It featured flint tools typical of the Mousterian, animal bones, and a large turtle shell fragment. The place has been interpreted as a burial site which has however been disturbed. The bones were therefore no longer in their original place, but they could be attributed to the same individual because they all belonged to the same phase of development and no bone was duplicated. The dispersal of bones is probably explained by the action of water and the activity of animals.