Site Name
Site Type
Site Function
Time Period
  • Researched sites
  • Wikipedia sites
  • Unconfirmed sites
Age MinAge Max
Abric RomaniSpainCave44000110000
Alepotrypa CaveGreece
Allia BayKenya39000004200000
Antoliñako KobaSpainCave
Arlington SpringsUnited States of AmericaOpen air1000013000
Bluefish CavesCanada2400024000
Broken MammothUnited States of America1100012000

What are "Sites" according to Gignos?

Gignos is a catalog of archaeological sites which are defined traditionally as a place of historic or prehistoric significance that contain specimens or evidence of human activity which is preserved. The Gignos catalog is focused on archaeological sites that are older than 10K years and classified as pre-historic.

Archaeological finds can consist of a single specimen to hundreds of thousands of specimens from a locality. The term Site is loosely used in our context to represent a very specific location where a single specimen was found as well as a broader grouping of locations where many specimens were found.[1]

Why 10,000 years old?

10,000 years old is a nice round number! It also signifies a period of time when the human world was in transition. At approximately 10,000 years ago the last ice age was coming to a close, and Homo sapiens were the last remaining hominid branch to make it through the gauntlet of our evolutionary human family tree.

How many 10,000 year old Archaeological Sites are there on planet earth?

The short answer is that so far Gignos knows about roughly 477 sites. Of those 477 sites we have published 15 with rich content pages. The long answer is that we don't know and there are likely thousands upon thousands of sites that are waiting to be discovered. We hope to help everyone discover more information about existing known sites, and we hope that those discoveries will lead us to more undiscovered sites.

What are Paleoanthropological Archaeology Sites?

Paleoanthropological archaeology sites are locations where evidence of early human activity and evolution has been found. These sites can include places where ancient human fossils have been discovered, as well as areas where stone tools and other artifacts from early human cultures have been found.

Paleoanthropological archaeology sites are often found in regions with a long history of human occupation, such as Africa, Asia, and Europe. These sites are important for understanding the development of human cultures and societies over time, as well as the physical and biological evolution of our species. Researchers who study these sites are known as paleoanthropologists, and they use a variety of techniques, such as radiocarbon dating and analysis of stone tools and other artifacts, to learn about the lives of our ancestors.

Recently Added Sites

Karahan Tepe

Karahan Tepe is an archaeological site in Şanlıurfa Province in Turkey. The site is close to Göbekli Tepe and archaeologists have also uncovered T-shaped stelae there. According to Daily Sabah, "The excavations have uncovered 250 obelisks featuring animal figures" as of 2020.

The site is located near Yağmurlu and roughly 46 kilometers east of Göbekli Tepe, which is often called its sister site. It is part of the Göbeklitepe Culture and Karahantepe Excavations project. The area is known as “Keçilitepe” by local people. It is part of a region of similar sites now being uncovered known as the Taş Tepeler.

Göbekli Tepe

Göbekli Tepe


Göbekli Tepe (Turkish: [ɟœbecˈli teˈpe], "Potbelly Hill"; known as Girê Mirazan or Xirabreşkê in Kurdish) is a Neolithic archaeological site in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. Dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic, between c. 9500 and 8000 BCE, the site comprises a number of large circular structures supported by massive stone pillars – the world's oldest known megaliths. Many of these pillars are richly decorated with figurative anthropomorphic details, clothing, and reliefs of wild animals, providing archaeologists rare insights into prehistoric religion and the particular iconography of the period. The 15 m (50 ft)-high, 8 ha (20-acre) tell also includes many smaller buildings, quarries, and stone-cut cisterns from the Neolithic, as well as some traces of activity from later periods.

The site was first used at the dawn of the Southwest Asian Neolithic period, which marked the appearance of the oldest permanent human settlements anywhere in the world. Prehistorians link this Neolithic Revolution to the advent of agriculture, but disagree on whether farming caused people to settle down or vice versa. Göbekli Tepe, a monumental complex built on the top of a rocky mountaintop, with no clear evidence of agricultural cultivation produced to date, has played a prominent role in this debate. The site's original excavator, German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, described it as the "world's first temple": a sanctuary used by groups of nomadic hunter-gatherers from a wide area, with few or no permanent inhabitants. Other archaeologists have challenged this interpretation, arguing that the evidence for a lack of agriculture and a resident population was far from conclusive. Recent research has also led the current excavators of Göbekli Tepe to revise or abandon many of the conclusions underpinning Schmidt's interpretation.

First noted in a survey in 1963, Schmidt recognised the site as prehistoric in 1994 and began excavations there the following year. After his death in 2014, work continued as a joint project of Istanbul University, Şanlıurfa Museum, and the German Archaeological Institute, under the overall direction of Turkish prehistorian Necmi Karul. Göbekli Tepe was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2018, recognising its outstanding universal value as "one of the first manifestations of human-made monumental architecture". As of 2021, less than 5% of the site had been excavated.


The Cueva del Boquete de Zafarraya is located on the southern slope of the Sierra de Alhama, at about 1100 meters of altitude, in the municipality of Alcaucín (Province of Malaga, Spain).

It is a medium-sized cavity whose entrance is located on a vertical pharallón. A few meters from the entrance the cavity is forked into two ducts: The first, to the left, has a vertical development; the right duct, a true gallery, has an archaeological sedimentation filling in a length of 16.30 meters.

The cave is proposed as a "Place of Spanish geological interest of international relevance" (Global Geosite) by the Geological and Mining Institute of Spain for its paleontological interest, with the name "VP009: Cueva del Boquete de Zafarraya", within the geological context "Places of vertebrates of the Spanish Pliocene-Pleistocene".

Serinya Prehistoric Cave Park

Serinya Prehistoric Cave Park

The site of the Reclau caves, is where we found the largest concentration of the prehistoric sites of Serinyà, is located on the western edge of the Usall plan. Located 5 km north of Banyoles. Its central core, where the caves are located, is about 200 m long by about 50 m wide.

The Usall plan is a slightly steep plain to the north, extending between the Fluvià River and the Banyoles Lake and comprising part of the municipality of Serinya, the northeastern parts of Porqueres, Banyoles and the western parts of Esponella and Fontcoberta. The plan is made up of a significant percentage of travertine, covered with clay.

The caves of the Reclave are formed by a travertinic talus, the western boundary of the Urall plan, along which are the various sites. All the prehistoric caves of the Reclau were built by the waterfall travertine. This travertine is a limestone formed by calcium carbonate deposited by the waters of the streams that form small falls. It grows rapidly on aquatic vegetation and forms layers that can cover spaces. The process of forming the travertine can occur at the same time as the dissolution of part of the already formed travertin, thus leading to conduits and cavitates.

The current form of the caves is very different from the original form. A lot of the roofs have fallen and when we visit them, we are not reminded of the idea of a cave. An effort must be made to imagine how they should be when the prehistoric man lived there. Only the Reclau Viver cave has preserved the original morphology of these caves and gives us an idea of how they should be before human occupation.


Gignos Sites terms and metadata

Site Name

The name of the archaeological site or locality which contains the collection of specimens or reminense of human habitation or usage.

Site Identifier

The scientific identifier usually originating from a publication or journal or museum catalog system usually a unique identifier

Site Types

The category of physical characterisitics of the site. Currently this attribute includes Cave,  Open-air, and Shelter. Can be expanded to include more in future.

Site Usage

Refers to the general usage of the site by it's inhabitants. This attribute includes the optoins for 'Habitation' and 'Decorative' referring to whether the site was used for habitation and/or contains works of art.

Date Range Min and Max

The Date Range of the site is gleaned from what we know from our researched sources about the site. It is also informed by the oldest and youngest dates on the related specimens that were found within the locality.


The location metadata has been made less precise on purpose to help protect cultural resources wherever possible. All of the data in the Gignos catalog is aggregated from existing sources, and as such we are avoiding any further granularity of information regarding locations than already exists in the public domain.


Cited References

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This page was last edited on December 19, 2022 at 04:05:12 UTC