Abric Romani

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Site type:
Site function:
Habitation site
41.52, 1.69
Date range max:
110,000 Bp
Date range min:
44,000 Bp
Homo neanderthalensis
Aurignacian, Mousterian
Abric Romani Cave

Abric Romani Cave

Source: Abric Romani

The archaeological site of the Abric Romaní consists of a set of Neanderthal occupations located in the cingle del Capelló, in the municipality of Capellades, about 50 km from Barcelona (Spain). The Cinglera is a 60 m thick escarpment formed on the eastern flank of a lake travertine table and fountains of the multilayer aquifer of Capellades.

It is located in Cinglera del Capelló. It is about 17 m thick, and is located at 300-320 m s.m. (meters above sea level) and 60 m above the current level of the Noya River. The area where this ravine is located is of high geological value. Also of great archaeological value, since it contains approximately twenty archaeological sites from different eras. The calcification of many wooden tools makes this one of the most important Neanderthal sites. The site was discovered by the paper businessman Amador Romaní Guerra, in 1909.

The cliff is geologically formed by travertine, a type of sedimentary rock formed by the accumulation of sedimentary particles of various sizes transported by water, ice or wind. The Abric Romaní consists of a 20 m deep deposit that contains 27 known archaeological levels. All levels belong to the Middle Paleolithic, except level A that belongs to the Upper Paleolithic.