Santa Elina

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-15.31, -56.52

The shelter of Santa Elina is a rocky archaeological site, located in the Serra das Araras, municipality of Jangada, state of Mato Grosso.

The excavations were carried out between 1984 and 2004, with a maximum depth of 3.5 m, from which the total extension of three stratigraphic units was recorded. According to the endowments of the stratigraphic sequences, this rock shelter was first occupied in the Pleistocene 27,000 years ago, and later during the Holocene, successive occupations occurred, dated between 11,000 and 2,000 years ago.

In Unit III, the oldest, abundant Glossotherium bones and 300 lithic artifacts were found. Two modified osteoderms, probably ornaments, insinuate the dynamic relationship between hunter and animal. The cave paintings and the intense use by the inhabitants of mineral pigments, mainly red, and of vegetables such as wood, fibers, and leaves, characterize the occupations that are followed. Lithic assemblages, made of local limestone, hard and easy to work, are very present in all occupations.