Les Chaloignes

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Site type:
Open air
Site function:
Habitation site
47.37, -0.56

Les Chaloignes is a prehistoric open-air site located in the commune of Mozé-sur-Louet, Maine-et-Loire. The main occupation is attributed to the Azilian (Epipaleolithic culture), probably during the climatic period of the Alleröd. A dwelling of the second Iron Age also occupied these valleys. This site was discovered in August 1998 during preventive archaeology work carried out by AFAN before the construction of the A87 motorway. It was then excavated in 1999 for more than six months under the direction of Grégor Marchand.

The cut flints attributed to the Azilian lie within ten homogeneous loci, two homogeneous zones but poorly defined contours and two zones with a strong Azilian component but with posterior intrusions. A locus is also dated to the Final Neolithic (locus 31).

Azilian space units cover from 25 to 70 m. No development, fireplace, rubefied zone, or wall effect was discovered in these camps, which may be related to intense mobility practices. The conservation of plant matter is compromised by the acidity of the soils of the Armorican Massif, except in anaerobic environments.

The locus 11 is the only one to have delivered the pebbles engraved with fine parallel streaks. All three are in a clear stratigraphic position, undoubtedly allowing them to be associated with the Azilian occupation. They illustrate the existence of concerns other than face activities and give locus 11 a dimension other than the specifically economic one.